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ACH 500: Frontiers and Methodologies in Science and Technology in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage

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Couse Title  Frontiers and Methodologies in Science and Technology in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage
Course Code ACH 500
Course Type Mandatory
Level PhD
Instructor's Name Assoc. Prof. Nikolas Bakirtzis, Dr. Dante Abate, Asst. Prof. George Artopoulos, Dr. Svetlana Gasanova, Assoc. Prof. Sorin Hermon, Assoc. Prof. Kirsi Lorentz, Assoc. Prof. Evi Margaritis, Asst. Prof. Efi Nikita, Prof. Thilo Rehren
Lectures / Week
Laboratories / Week 1
Course Purpose and Objectives This course aims to a. introduce students to the wide array of cross-disciplinary research approaches and methods in the broader fields of Archaeology and Cultural
Heritage, and, b. present the range of academic and research work currently undertaken at STARC and CyI thus encouraging participants to begin formulating
their own research topic and approach.

With incoming students having a sound foundation in one discipline as demonstrated in their postgraduate degree (a Masters’ in a relevant field), this course will expose students to the core integrated methods of scientific, computational, historical and humanistic research. In addition, students will be provided with the necessary knowledge and methodological approaches to pursue interdisciplinary doctoral research making the best possible use of advanced science and technology methods and tools in archaeology and cultural heritage, as well as developing innovative science and technology methods for investigating archaeology and cultural heritage research questions.

In addition, as this course will be team-taught, led by faculty whose research is affiliated with STARC, students will also be introduced to the current research of each faculty member explored within the broader context of current international trends and frontiers. Class discussions and assignments will also be geared towards helping students develop their own research identity in the context of the program and to formulate their research topics.
Learning Outcomes Upon the completion of the course, students will have been introduced to the core interdisciplinary culture of CyI’ graduate program and will have gained a solid foothold on their doctoral research plans. Overall, the outcome of this ‘Frontiers and Methodologies’ course will be a structured introduction to the broader areas of (a) interdisciplinary research approaches in the humanities, and, (b) advanced scientific and technological methods in archaeological and cultural heritage research.
Additionally, at the end of the semester, students will be familiar not only with the specific current research undertaken at STARC and more broadly at CyI, but also understand how this is situated within the wider academic landscape. Finally, they will also have formulated their own research plan for their doctoral work having benefitted from feedback from their peers, other faculty, and invited specialists.
Prerequisites None
Background Requirements None 
Course Content The course will introduce students to key research themes and approaches in archaeological and cultural heritage through the use and development of advanced
scientific and technological methods and applications. Lecture topics will be complemented by focused seminar-based discussions and hands-on lab
Lecture Topics
  - Merging Archaeology and Cultural Heritage with Science and Technology
  - Cultural Landscapes in the Eastern Mediterranean and Cyprus
  - Topics in Archaeological Science
  - Topics in Digital Cultural Heritage
  - Virtual Environments for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage
  - Topics in Human Bioarchaeology
  - Topics in Paleobotany
  - 3D Imaging and Visualization for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage
  - Heritage at Risk and Impact of Climate Change on Cultural Heritage
  - Synchronton-based Research for Archaeology and Art
  - Remote Sensing and Geophysical Research for Archaeology
  - Digital Libraries and Knowledge Repositorie
  - Art Characterization and Heritage Science
Seminar/Lab Topics
  - Analytical Approaches to Ancient Materials
  - Applied Statistics
  - Data Formats, Databases, Knowledge Repositorie
  - Visualization and 3D Representation
  - Technical Photography and Multispectral Imaging
  - Scanning Electron Microscopy
  - Handheld and Portable XRF Analysis
  - Micro-CT Scanning and Analysis
  - Dendrochronology
Training Methodology The course consists of a series of 1,5 hour lectures followed by seminar-like discussion and tutorials where students are tasked to discuss and practice in
laboratory-settings what they have learned, using specific case studies and examples relevant to their research. 
Bibliography Beckhoff, B. 2006. Handbook of Practical X-Ray Fluorescence Analysis. Springer.

Burenhuit, G. 2002. Archaeological Informatics: Pushing the Envelope. Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology. Oxford: Archaeopress

Burenhuit,G. 2002. Archaeological Informatics: Pushing the Envelope. Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology. Oxford: Archaeopress

Brothwell D. R. and Pollard, A. M. 2008. Handbook of Archaeological Sciences, Wile

Bentkowska-Kafel, A. Denard, H. and Baker, D. 2012. Paradata and Transparency in Virtual Heritage. Farnham: Ashgate

Earl, G. Sly, T. and Chrysanthi, P. et al, 2014. Archaeology in the Digital Era, Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press

Echlin, P. 2011. Handbook of Sample preparation for Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-Ray Microanalysis. Springer.

Evans, T. Daly, P. 2006. Digital Archaeology: Bridging Method and Theory, Oxon: Routledge

Everitt, B. and Hothorn, T. 2006. Handbook of Statistical Analyses Using R.

Glascock, M., Speakman, R. and Popelka-Filcoff, R. 2007. Archaeological Chemistry: Analytivcal Techniques and Archaeological interpretation. American Chemical Society.

Goffer, Z. 2008. Archaeological Chemistry, 2nd edition, Wiley

Goldberg, P. and Macphail, R. 2006. Practical and Theoretical Geoarchaeology. Oxford: Blackwell.

Johnson, M. 2010. Archaeological Theory: An Introduction, 2nd edition, Wiley- Blackwell

Isotalo, J. n.D. Basics of statistics. Lecture notes University of Tampere. Malainey, M. 2011. A Consumer’s Guide to Archaeological Science. Springer. 

Kakoulli, I. 2009. Greek Painting Techniques and Materials: From the Fourth to the First Century BC, Archetype Books

Larsen, C. S. 2015. Bioarchaeology: Interpreting Behavior from the Human Skeleton (Cambridge Studies in Biological and Evolutionary Anthropology), Cambridge University Press

Lazinger, S. 2001. Digital Preservation and Metadata: History, Theory, Practice. Libraries Unlimited, A Division of Greenwood Publishing Group
Logan, W. and Smith, L. 2012. Key Issues in Cultural Heritage. London: Routledge.
Lucas, G. 2001. Critical approaches to fieldwork: contemporary and historical archaeological practice. Routledge, London
MacDonald, L. ed. 2006. Digital Heritage. Routledge
Martin, D. L., Harrod R. P. and Perze V. R. 2014. Bioarchaeology: An Integrated Approach to Working with Human Remains (Manuals in Archaeological Method, Theory and Technique), Springer
Nikita, E. 2016. Osteoarchaeology: A Guide to the Macroscopic Study of Human Skeletal Remains, Academic Press.
Parry, R. 2007. Recoding the museum: digital heritage and the technologies of change. Routledge
Renfrew, C. and Bahn, P. 2008. Archaeology: theories, methods and practice. London: Thames and Hudson

Rodney, H. 2013, Heritage: Critical Approaches, Oxon: Routledge 

Rogerio-Candelera, M. Lazzari, M. and Cano, E. 2013. Science and Technology for the Conservation of Cultural Heritage. London: Taylor and Francis Group

Reimer, L. Scanning Electron Microscopy. Springer.
Shugar, A. N. and Mass, J. L. 2014. Handheld XRF for Art and Archaeology (Studies in Archaeological Sciences), Leuven University Press.
Stanco, F., Battiato, S. and Gallo, G. 2011. Digital Imaging for Cultural Heritage Preservation: Analysis, Restoration, and Reconstruction of Ancient Artworks, Vol. 3. CRC Press
Torres, M. and Rehren, Th. 2008. Archaeology, History and Science: Integrating Approaches to Ancient Materials. California: Left Coast Press
Whyte, J. and Nikolić, D. 2018. Virtual Reality and the Built Environment, 2nd Ed., Routledge
Assessment Students will be asked to produce 2 small assignments during the course of the semester, followed by a research proposal which effectively will feature each student’s response to the course in conjunction with their preliminary doctoral research work
Language English